What will “rent and purchase” bring to urban life?

there is a medieval saying: “the air of the city makes people free.” Because after a farmer left the Lord’s manor and came to live in the city for some time, he had the identity of a free man, and the Lord could not catch him back. In the city, he is free to choose where to live, to start his career as a shoemaker, or to work as a small worker for the Miller, to earn rations and to support himself.

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if this farmer goes through time and space to Guangzhou, China, in July 2017, he will be surprised to find that people in this city are discussing the following sentence: “rent and purchase the same right”. The so-called right of rent and purchase is actually a kind of “right to confirm” for renters. If all goes well, even if it is a foreign population, you can also rely on the registered rental contract to arrange children to enroll nearby in Guangzhou. No longer because there is no household registration or no house, children will not go to school. The good news of

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comes from the work plan of accelerating the development of housing rental market issued by Guangzhou municipal government. The work programme, known as the “Declaration on the equality of renters”, has many highlights. For example, regulate the lease term and rent, control the cost of the lessee’s rental; for example, increase the effective supply of rental housing land, allow the transformation of commercial housing into rental housing, and so on. However, one of the most concerned is to “give the qualified lessee’s children access to nearby schools and other public services to protect the same rights of rent and purchase”.

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are well known. In big cities, especially in the first tier cities such as beishangguangshen, it is not easy to buy a house. One of the important reasons for the high price of housing is the high-quality resources attached to it, such as high-quality schools, medical and other resources. These resources are often exclusive (i.e. school selection system divided by sections), that is to say, only those who buy houses and have property rights can enjoy them. At the same time, due to the scarcity of these resources, the scarcity further leads to a premium, and the housing price tied with the school district and medical treatment further rises.

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therefore, many “foreigners” living in cities may not enjoy high-quality education and medical resources for a lifetime. Although they pay a lot of rent, they are never really treated as city people. According to statistics, there are probably One point six Billion people rent houses in cities and towns, accounting for 21% of the permanent population. They work hard in the city. Their salary is burning in the rising rent year by year. Their time is spent in the long commute on the subway. When they have the next generation, the next generation often can not go to school in the city, resulting in a large number of “left behind children” and separation tragedy. As time goes by,

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have become the choice of many outsiders. People would rather go back to their hometown and choose a job with a lower income in exchange for their children’s equal access to and proximity to school. Their departure means the departure of a large number of skilled workers for the first tier cities, “labor shortage” and “labor expensive” problems follow. What’s worse, people will no longer be able to move “freely” because they can’t “occupy their rights” in big cities. Attracting talents and treating talents kindly may become an empty talk.

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are more important. For a country, the flow of talents means cross regional communication and consensus cultivation. We don’t want to see young people in the future. They can only be born, grow up, work and grow old. Because this not only means isolation and misunderstanding, but also means the failure of a kind of market law: human resources, which should be effectively allocated according to the law of supply and demand, cannot be more effectively allocated because of the system of “even renting houses is also a foreigner”. This is not a good thing for the individual workers, for the city, and for the sustainable development of the national economy.

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therefore, this “work plan for accelerating the development of housing rental market in Guangzhou” is not only a decision of Guangzhou, but also the implementation of “opinions of the general office of the State Council on accelerating the cultivation and development of housing rental market” in May 2016. Item (7) of the opinion requires: “to improve the housing lease support policy Tenants with non local household registration may apply for a residence permit in accordance with the Interim Regulations on residence permits and other relevant provisions, and enjoy basic public services as prescribed by the state, such as compulsory education and medical treatment. ” It should be said that the “rent and purchase with the same rights” of Guangzhou version is the specific institutional arrangement for non local household tenants to enjoy basic public services equally with local household residents.

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as mentioned above, the reference of “rent purchase right” is of great significance. But the key question is how to implement this ideal fairly and fairly, or to what extent the “same rights” can be finally implemented. It should be noted that the hand of market law still plays a role, even if it is the same right of rent and purchase. As long as urban educational resources are still limited, priority will still be given to “children of some families” in key schools. In the past, household registration and real estate were used as screening criteria, and other screening criteria will not appear in the future. Whether these standards are open, fair and just will test the wisdom of system designers.

, on the other hand, should see that Guangzhou’s work plan aimed at promoting the development of housing rental market still sets conditions for “rent and purchase equal enrollment”: first, identity requirements, either the city ‘ The second is the requirement of no house, which requires the guardian to have no house with its own property right in this city; the third is the regulatory requirement, which requires that the place where the leased house is located is its only residence, and the lease contract has been filed and registered.

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according to the work plan, the children of the renter who meet the above conditions shall be arranged by the education administrative department of the district where they live to study in the compulsory education stage school (including the private school degree subsidized by the government). That is to say, even if the above conditions are met at the same time, it does not mean that they can go to the same school with the owner’s children in the same community, nor can nearby enrollment be guaranteed. To a certain extent, the brilliance of the same right of rent and purchase hasn’t really come into reality yet.

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in addition, the restrictions of the above conditions make a considerable proportion of migrant workers unable to meet the standards. At the same time, the market may also be sensitive

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